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“此生无憾为中华——马海德与他的革命导师宋庆龄”文物图片展

发布时间:2020-10-26   来源:中华人民共和国名誉主席宋庆龄陵园管理处

指导单位上海宋庆龄研究会

                 上海市人民对外友好协会

主办单位:上海市孙中山宋庆龄文物管理委员会

承办单位:上海宋庆龄故居纪念馆

协办单位宋庆龄故居管理中心(北京)

鸣谢单位:上海图书馆

                 中共一大会址纪念馆

        展览时间2020年9月25日——10月25日

        展览地点:上海图书馆第一展厅

生命是短暂的,但历史是漫长的。而且历史一定是朝着人民在争取实现和平和社会主义的斗争中取得最后胜利的方向前进的……假如一切重新来过,我还是愿意同样地生活。

                                                                                                                                       ——宋庆龄        

Life is shortbut history is long. And history is definitely going in one direction, toward the eventual victory of the people in their striving for peace and socialism. ......If I had to do it all over again, I would live the very same way.

——Soong Ching Ling

在人类历史的长河中,半个世纪不过是短短的一刹那,而对于一个人来说,却是漫长的道路。作为中国共产党党员的我, 能够置身于中国人民斗争的行列,为中国人民的解放事业尽一份力量;在建设的年代里, 我又能把自己的劳动同中国人的劳动融为一体, 为此, 我感到幸福和欣慰……如果让我重新开始生活,我还是要选择这条道路,这是毫无疑问的。

                                                                                                                                                   ——马海德      

A half century includes only a few short years over the course of human history, while it is an extremely long road for an ordinary person. As a member of the Chinese Communist Party (CPC), I feel honored and grateful to have spent my days in and contributed my part to the revolutionary cause of the Chinese people and their tireless endeavors to build the country......Needless to say, I would make the same choice if I had the chance to start from scratch.

——Ma Haide

伟大的爱国主义、民主主义、国际主义和共产主义战士宋庆龄,是缔结中国人民和世界人民友谊的桥梁和纽带,曾帮助诸多在华国际友人了解中国、了解中国人民和中国革命,使他们成为中国人民的忠实朋友,为中国和世界人民的进步事业做出贡献。中国共产党优秀党员、新中国卫生事业的先驱、杰出的国际主义者、著名的医学专家马海德,便是他们中的一员。

马海德,原名乔治·海德姆Shafick George Hatem)1910年9月出生于美国1934年在沪上与宋庆龄的相识,为他开启了通往中国革命的大门。在此后的五十余载岁月中,马海德始终视宋庆龄为革命导师和引路人。他们秉持着共同的革命理想,为了共同的奋斗目标,以崇高的国际主义精神,为了中国人民的革命和建设事业做出了不懈的努力。

值此纪念马海德诞辰110周年之际,谨以此展回顾马海德来华工作55年的革命历程中,他与宋庆龄始终与中国共产党风雨同舟、同心奋斗的革命经历和卓越贡献,以及他们绵延近半个世纪的真挚友谊。

 

Introduction

 

Soong Ching Ling (Madame Sun Yat-sen), a world-famous soldier of patriotism, democracy, internationalism and communism, had long been China’s ambassador of friendship that bonded people from home and abroad. Notably, she also opened windows for foreign friends in China to better understand the country, the Chinese people and the revolutionary cause which ultimately won their hearts and gained their support. Ma Haide (George Hatem), as an excellent CPC member, a pioneer of the new China’s health services, an outstanding internationalist and a renowned medical expert, was such an example among those that Soong Ching Ling had helped.

In September 1910, Shafick George Hatem was born in Buffalo, New York. After obtaining his medical degree in 1933, Hatem came to Shanghai where he set up the practice. In 1934, Ma Haide got to know Soong Ching Ling who provided him with key introductions to become a young revolutionary. Therefore in the following 50 years and more, Ma Haide respected Soong Ching Ling as his revolutionary mentor and guide. With shared ideals and goals, as well as the noble spirit of internationalism, they worked hand in hand to make unremitting efforts for the cause of the Chinese people's revolution and construction.

To commemorate Ma Haide’s 110th birth anniversary, we are organizing this exhibition to revisit his 55-year revolutionary career in China especially his unwavering support to the CPC, and highlight the depth of his decades-long friendship with Soong Ching Ling.

共同的信仰 相识在上海

1934年,宋庆龄与马海德相识于上海。在风雨飘摇的20世纪30年代,宋庆龄与中国人民同呼吸共命运,投入到捍卫人民权利、争取民族独立和反对外国侵略的斗争中。她深受人民尊敬,也得来华在沪国际友人的敬仰。在宋庆龄的支持下,初来中国的美国医生马海德参加马克思主义学习小组,进行社会调查,中国共产党的革命活动提供帮助1936年,宋庆龄安排下,他奔赴陕北,踏上一条走向红色中国的革命之路。

 

Ma Haide got acquainted with Soong Ching Ling in Shanghai in 1934. During these turbulent years in the 1930s, Soong Ching Ling had always stood with the Chinese people in their struggle for national independence and against foreign aggression. She earned the respect of not only the Chinese people, but foreign friends in Shanghai as well. Encouraged by Soong Ching Ling, Ma Haide as a newly-arrived American doctor, was quickly involved in activities of the Maxist study group and conducted social investigations to support the CPC revolution. Later in 1936, with the help of Soong Ching Ling, Ma Haide successfully went to North Shaanxi where he joined the CPC and kicked off his revolutionary career in Red China.

共同的信念 倾情为延安

初至陕北的马海德,被红军队伍朝气蓬勃的革命氛围深深吸引,他决定下来,不久在延安加入中国共产党。全国抗战爆发后,宋庆龄在香港成立保卫中国同盟,动员和争取国际力量援助中国,为中国共产党领导的抗日根据地源源不断地输送医疗物资。作为保卫中国同盟驻延安的代表,马海德牢记宋庆龄的嘱托,详细报告抗日根据地的医疗情况,协助国际和平医院建设为建立健全抗日根据地医疗体系做了大量工作。他还积极参加外事活动,宣传中国共产党的政策主张。在战火纷飞的岁月里,宋庆龄与马海德身处不同地方,基于共同的信念,为中国人民的解放事业共同奋斗。

 

Upon his arrival in North Shaanxi, Ma Haide was soon fascinated with the dauntless revolutionary spirit of the Red Army. He finally made his decision to stay in Yan’an and join the CPC. After the outbreak of China’s whole-of-nation resistance war against Japanese aggression in 1937, Soong Ching Ling initiated the China Defence League (CDL) in Hong Kong to seek international aid for her country, organizing delivery of medical supplies to the resisting base controlled by the CPC. As the CDL representative in Yan’an, Ma Haide always followed the instructions of Soong Ching Ling to establish and improve the health care system in the resisting base through detailed reports of medical conditions and facilitation of construction of the International Peace Hospital. Moreover, he enthusiastically advocated the CPC’s policies when receiving foreign guests. Even in those war-ridden years, Soong Ching Ling often sent Ma Haide her warmest greetings which further strengthened their friendship and shared faith that victory would eventually come.

共同的信心 建设新中国

1949年秋,阔别多年的宋庆龄与马海德在北平重逢,共同见证了新中国的诞生。宋庆龄当选为中央人民政府副主席,马海德则加入新中国国籍,于1950年担任新中国卫生部顾问。他长期致力于性病、麻风病的防治和研究,多次率领医疗队到老少边穷地区工作,取得举世瞩目的成果。马海德常将他的见闻和想法向宋庆龄汇报,宋庆龄时常给予他鼓励和支持。在新中国成立后的三十余载岁月中,他们怀着共同的信心,本着高度的革命事业心和使命感,为建设一个民主、和平与富强的新中国继续奋斗,直到生命最后一息。

 

In the Autumn of 1949, Soong Ching Ling and Ma Haide, after years of separation, had their reunion in Beijing where both of them witnessed the birth of new China. Soong Ching Ling was then elected Vice Chairwoman of the Central People’s Government, while Ma Haide chose to be naturalized as a Chinese citizen and was later appointed as advisor of the Chinese Health Ministry. In his capacity, Ma Haide led multiple batches of medical experts to work in former revolutionary bases, inhabitation communities of ethnic minorities and outlying poverty-stricken areas. Together with colleagues, he made remarkable achievements based on his years-long experience in the field of  preventing and researching venereal disease and infectious leprosy. Regarding what he learnt and thought during this process, Ma Haide maintained close communication with Soong Ching Ling and regularly got positive feedbacks from her. More than 3 decades since the People’s Republic of China was founded, Soong Ching Ling and Ma Haide with their intense enterprise and sense of mission toward revolution, had battled on to the end of their days for a new China of independence, democracy, peace and prosperity.

共同的情怀 深厚的友谊

马海德与宋庆龄的革命友谊历久弥新,绵延半个世纪。新中国成立后,宋庆龄一如既往地在革命道路上关心着马海德,在生活上关怀照顾他和他的家人。马海德也时常关心着宋庆龄的身体健康,为她联络国际友人,深得她的信任。宋庆龄寓居北京期间,邻居马海德一家更是宋宅的常客,时常出席宋庆龄举行的友人聚会。宋庆龄逝世后,马海德连续撰文多篇予以纪念和缅怀,表达他对宋庆龄的无限崇敬和爱戴,将宋庆龄的革命奋斗精神发扬传递给大众。

 

Lasting for a half century, the revolutionary friendship between Soong Ching Ling and Ma Haide flourished with new vitality. Since the birth of the new China, Soong Ching Ling had continued to offer revolutionary guidance to Ma Haide, and provide him and his family with meticulous care in life. In a similar way, Ma Haide always paid attention to Soong Ching Ling’s health and helped her catch up with foreign friends. Highly trusted by Soong Ching Ling, Ma Haide and his family as frequent visitors, attended a number of parties held at Soong Ching Ling’s residence when she lived in Beijing. After Soong Ching Ling passed away, Ma Haide wrote a series of articles to commemorate her, expressing his infinite reverence and love for Soong Ching Ling and also carrying forward Soong Ching Ling’s revolutionary spirit.

无憾人生

晚年的马海德仍坚持奋战在医疗第一线诊治病患、埋首科研。他曾说:“一个人活在世上,总要做些事。我为中国革命做了一些事,死也无憾了。”1988年秋,马海德终因体力不支病倒,于同年10月3日辞世,享年78岁。马海德为中国和世界卫生医学事业做出了突出贡献,获得海内外人士的广泛赞誉。1988年,卫生部授予他“新中国卫生事业的先驱”荣誉称号。2009年,马海德被评选为“100位新中国成立以来感动中国人物”;2019年,马海德被授予“最美奋斗者”荣誉称号。

 

Even in old age, Ma Haide did not cease his medical practice and research. As he put it, “people living in the world always need to do something. I have made some humble efforts for the Chinese revolution, and I have nothing to regret even if I die.” In the Autumn of 1988, Ma Haide were taken down with overwork and passed away on October 3rd at the age of 78. For his outstanding contribution to the medical and healthcare services of China and the world, Ma Haide earned broad admiration from home and abroad. In 1988, he was awarded the honorable title of “Pioneer of Health Services in New China” by the Chinese Health Ministry. In 2009, Ma Haide was selected as one of the hundred people who moved China since the foundation of the People’s Republic. And in 2019, he was awarded the homorable title of “Most Beautiful Struggler”.

一位优雅的中国革命者,一位有人类情怀的国际共产主义战士,半个世纪以来,无论是在革命战争年代,还是在新中国建设时期,宋庆龄与马海德始终如一、战斗不懈。他们热爱中国共产党,热爱中国人民,热爱社会主义,坚信共产主义事业必定胜利。

在共同为中国人民谋幸福、为中华民族谋复兴的伟大征程中,宋庆龄与马海德建立了牢不可破、历久弥醇的友情。这绵延五十年的真挚友谊,跨越了民族与国家的界限,展现出崇高的国际主义精神,闪耀着伟大人格的光辉。而他们对中国革命和人类解放事业所做的杰出的贡献,也受到世人景仰,必将百世流芳。

 

Conclusion

As an international communist fighter with great humanity, Ma Haide worked shoulder to shoulder with Soong Ching Ling for a half century including the years of revolution and war, as well as the days and nights of building a new China. With their sincere love for the CPC, the Chinese people and socialism, they firmly believed that the great cause of communism would certainly achieve its victory.

In the great journey of working hand in hand for the happiness of the Chinese people and the rejuvenation of the Chinese nation, Ma Haide and Soong Ching Ling established unshakable and unbreakable friendship as time went by. This genuine friendship lasting for 50 years, had gone beyond boundaries among nations and states, revealing the noble spirit of internationalism and shining with the brilliance of great personality. Needless to say, their excellent contribution to the Chinese revolution and the cause of human emancipation, will be respected by the world and remembered forever by history.